Wireless IoT Networks
In addition to Wi-Fi®, the ARTIK development boards support a variety of low-power wireless interface options that are ideal for IoT applications. While each technology has its strengths and it is difficult to make precise comparisons, we offer the table below to provide an overview.
The ARTIK 5, 7, and 10 series modules have Bluetooth®/Bluetooth BLE and ZigBee®/Thread® capability integrated on the module itself, using circuitry nearly identical to the ARTIK 0 devices.
|Bluetooth||not available||A5, A7, A10||1-3Mb/s||0.5-20m||personal entertainment|
|Bluetooth BLE||A020||A5, A7, A10||1Mb/s||0.5-20m||smart home, health/fitness|
|ZigBee||A030||A5, A7, A10||250kb/s||10-200m||sensor monitoring|
|Thread||A030||A5, A7, A10||250kb/s||10-200m||home automation|
|40 or 100kb/s||10-200m||home automation|
(not on board)
msg, 140 msg/day
|3-15km||distant sensor monitoring|
|A5, A7, A10||A5, A7, A10||from Mb/s to Gb/s||10-200m||general purpose|
Most of these technologies have an ultra low-power "sleep" mode when not active and most of the time are drawing current in the microamp range. Wi-Fi is the exception, and requires more consideration versus the other lower-power solutions.
ZigBee, Thread, and Z-Wave are all appropriate choices for the home automation space, with Z-Wave having been around the longest. In their latest versions, all three have the ability to form mesh networks, with Thread having the most sophisticated ability to re-establish connectivity when a "child" is moved from one "parent" to another.
The Bluetooth, Bluetooth LE, and ZigBee circuitry is located on the ARTIK module itself; the Z-Wave modem is located on the development board. The SIGFOX circuit is not used; refer to the SIGFOX article for more information.